Nilavembu (also called Siriyanangai) is a Siddha herb used for its antipyretic, bitter, digestive, cholagogue, hepatoprotective, and anti-inflammatory properties. It is useful in the treatment of intermittent fever, malaria, chronic fever, dengue fever, chikungunya and all diseases in which fever is the main symptom.
Nilavembu alleviates fever, protects the liver, and provides strength to the body. It is also indicated in physical debility occurring after fever. It stimulates hepatic functions, improves appetite, enhances digestion, boosts metabolism, and reduces after effects of several medicines on the liver.
In addition, it is also beneficial in loss of appetite, hepatomegaly, fatty liver syndrome, incomplete evacuation, constipation, intestinal parasites, blood disorders, and skin diseases.
Nilavembu has following medicinal properties.
- Blood detoxifier
- Hepatic stimulant
Nilavembu also has anti-proliferation activity observed in colon cancer. It also modulates sexual functions by increasing blood flow to penile tissue and relaxing smooth muscles. Andrographolide in it initially increase serum testosterone, but after its regular use for 6-8 weeks, testosterone starts declining to normal levels. (3)